In John 3:4, Nicodemus answered: How can this be? Sound responsible!!!! How can a man be born when he is old? Nicodemus’ reply may not have been out of ignorance, but from thinking that Jesus meant a moral reformation. His question may be, “How can you teach an old dog new tricks?” Either way, Nicodemus clearly did not understand Jesus or the truth about the new birth. Had our Lord said: “‘Every Gentile must be born again,’ he would have understood.” (Dods); How can a man be born when he is old? In His description of new birth, Jesus recalled a familiar theme from Old Testament promises of the New Covenant (Deuteronomy 30:1-6, Jeremiah 23:1-8, Jeremiah 31:31-34, Jeremiah 32:37-41, Ezekiel 11:16-20, Ezekiel 36:16-28, Ezekiel 37:11-14, 37:21-28). These passages essentially made three promises in the New Covenant: 1). The gathering of Israel. 2). The cleansing and spiritual transformation of God’s people. 3). The reign of the Messiah over Israel and the whole world. In Jesus’ day, the common teaching among the Jewish people was that the first two aspects of the New Covenant had been fulfilled. They saw Israel gathered – at least in part – after the Babylonian exile. They saw solid spiritual movements like the Pharisees, which they believed fulfilled the promise of spiritual transformation. All they waited for was the reign of the Messiah. That’s why Jesus’ statement about the new birth was so strange to Nicodemus. He thought that the Jewish people already had it; they certainly weren’t looking for it. They only looked for a triumphant Messiah. What is your view of the new birth today? “Unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God” (John 3:3). That’s it!!!